Navigation is key to success in any environment, moving to and from a place of work or a place of rest requires the ability to navigate.
When local knowledge and guides cannot be used it is down to the individual or group to be able to effectively move through their surroundings with purpose and direction.
Direction is achieved through training, the ability to use a GPS can have limited success in any environment, calibration errors, antenna malfunction or battery failure can lead to disorientation quickly. Methods such as the use of a map and compass are somewhat more reliable if the knowledge is available to use them.
Purpose is achieved through the application of training and the ability to look ahead, removing likely hazards with planning rather than reactive action can reduce risk, this task cannot be achieved if information cannot be recognised or processed effectively.
When extreme situations or demands occur, sometimes it is necessary to understand the use of esoteric navigation techniques, requiring the individual or group to orientate using the Sun, the Stars or even local natural indicators. In any extreme environment re-establishing direction and purpose can be the difference between life and death.